Injury Prevention for Active Duty Personnel

Last Updated: February 21, 2024
Skip Navigation LinksDCPH-A Home / Topics / Diseases & Conditions / Injury Prevention for Active Duty Personnel


​​​​​​​​​An injuryExternal Link is damage to a body caused by an external energy (e.g., acute o​r repeated mechanical traumas, environmental, biological, chemical, or electrical sources). 

When the damage requires a medical visit, the type of injury is captured in Service Members' electronic medical record (EHR). Military public health experts analyze EHR and report statistics for all injuries organized by type of causal energy source (referred to as the "Taxonomy of Injuries​").External Link​ 


Chart showing Burden of Injuries summary by disease category, active duty Army 2018

  • Majority (>2/3) of military injuries are musculoskeletal OVERUSE injuries ($millions annually)
  • Key fatal and severe injuries in the military are due to motor-vehicles, heat, and cold weather​​
  • Most common cause of acute injuries (fractures, sprains, strains) is accidental falls
  • Having certain injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries to a particular body region, and heat- or cold-weather injuries, may predispose a person to a similar injury or long-term injury-related condition
  • See your installation's data

  • Reduce time loss to physical restrictions for work/training (temporary profile​)External Link 
  • Decrease costs (direct medical, compensation/disability, & lost duty time)
  • Improve overall performance (individual and unit)

  • November 2023 response to the House Armed Service Committees regarding musculoskeletal (MSK) overuse injuries: Data shows almost 1.5 million new injuries occur across the Services annually, resulting in 2.2 times more medical visits than the second leading condition, behavioral health. Most injuries receiving medical care were MSK overuse injuries (69%). Army e-Profile data indicate MSK injuries account for 8.7 million days/year, or 55% of annual limited duty days. Active Duty Army data estimated annual direct and indirect injury costs between $2.7 to 4.7 billion; MSK overuse injuries accounted for 85% of these costs. 

Additional Resources:​