Public Health Assessment & Program Evaluation

 Program Evaluation Best Practices

Last Updated: May 29, 2024

​​P​rogram evaluation findings provide information on how to prioritize and optimize DoD resources to improve program performance and increase health readiness.  Program evaluation studies model nationally-recognized standards and best practices. Regardless of evaluation type, method, or approach, program evaluation studies:

  1. Use a systematic approach in all phases:  planning, execution, reporting.
  2. Define evaluation questions and target population(s).
  3. Answer evaluation questions that are prudent and provide information of utility to the DoD.
  4. Utilize feasible designs in alignment with available resources.
  5. Engage stakeholders such as the intended target audience(s) and also individuals or entities who are involved in or affected by the policy, program, or initiative and its evaluation findings.
  6. Develop a logic model or framework that describes the program's need, target population(s), activities, anticipated outcomes, inputs, and assumptions.
  7. Document evaluation methods and steps transparently and are replicable.
  8. Gather credible evidence.
  9. Are conducted ethically, to include appropriate human protections. 
  10. Disseminate findings and recommendations to key stakeholders/audiences.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Evaluation Standards External Link​ website and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's​ ​ evaluation policies and proceduresExternal Link​ document are two examples of program evaluation guidelines available to the general public at their web sites.  Additional program evaluation tools may be found here.