Entomology and Pest Management

 EZORAs: Entomological and Zoonotic Operational Risk Assessments

Last Updated: November 15, 2021
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​Entomological and zoonotic operational risk assessments (EZORAs) are prepared jointly by the APHC Entomological Sciences Division and Veterinary Services and Public Health Sanitation Directorate to assist public health and military medical planners with pre-deployment planning and deployments to a country of concern.

  • In addition to vector-borne disease risk, an EZORA also covers zoonotic risks to military personnel and military working dogs including: 
      • Animal-contact (rabies, Q fever, anthrax)
      • Water-contact and water-borne (schistosomiasis, leptospirosis)
      •  Food-borne and water-borne ( brucellosis, tularemia)
      • Aerosolized dust or soil-contact (soil-transmitted helminths, hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Lassa fever)
      • Other contagious diseases that can potentially spread between animals and humans (monkeypox, Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever)
      • Stray and wild mammals, venomous snakes, scorpions, spiders, and venomous marine animals
      • Protection ( personal protection and military working dogs) 



Old EZORAs (Entomological and Zoonotic Operation Risk Assessments) are available on milSuite.  (Password protected - milSuite) External Link These documents are no longer being updated.  For the latest country-level risk assessment information, visit the Risk Assessment Information Products dashboard. (Password protected - Risk Assessment Information Products dashboard) External Link


Contact APHC Entomological Sciences Division to obtain an EZORA that is not listed above.


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